PHOTONIC - ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE TRANSMISSION & CONVERSION PROPULSION (Method 15b) - "Antigravity" Method 15 of 15b -- PHOTONIC - ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE TRANSMISSION & CONVERSION PROPULSION (Method 15B) Group VIA ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE CONVERSION PROPULSION Methodology can be achieved mechanically or electrically, and can be broken down further into three subdivisions:- a) Direct Mechanical Conversion, b) Electrical Conversion and c) Mechanical Pressure Electric Conversion &Type c) Mechanical Pressure Electric Conversion Propulsion Type a) Direct Mechanical Conversion example include Solar thermal rockets which could make use of solar power to directly heat reaction mass, and therefore does not require an electrical generator as most other forms of solar-powered propulsion do. Type c) Mechanical Pressure Electric Conversion Propulsion has already been described in Method 15a but grouped here as well because the electrical energy required for laser propulsion can be converted from solar cells or other devices in space. Masers could be used to power a painted conventional solar sail, with a layer of chemicals designed to evaporate when struck by microwave radiation. The momentum generated by maser evaporation would significantly increase the thrust generated by solar sails, as a form of lightweight ablative laser propulsion, as indicated by this experiment. Type b) Electrical conversion examples include solar cells that receive electromagnetic radiation mainly in the visible spectrum and convert it into electrical energy that can then power a propulsive force. Electromagnetic radiation including 'light' is a self propagating wave with both magnetic and electrical components. Radio waves are also Electromagnetic waves of much lower frequency than visible light. Wireless power transfer by resonant inductive coupling with a continuous wave MF (Medium Frequency-short wave) oscillator. (Tesla Coil) Continuing on from the right and towards the visible light spectrum, we now move from LF to MF, the Medium Frequency Band, which is slightly higher than the Medium Wave (MW) radio band, and within the shortwave region, a frequency of approximately 2.2 MHz. Wireless transmission and reception This small Tesla coil a fairly typical air core design. The secondary elevated helical coil has a wire winding that is approx. ¼ of a full wavelength long, based on the velocity of propagation of the disturbance through the coil itself and the oscillation rate of the circuit designed to be used where the break rate equals the operating frequency. The wavelength of a wave is the distance from one peak or trough to the next, at a ¼ wavelength, the amplitude of a wave is at its maximum height allowing the connected terminal capacitance or "top load" sphere, to radiate close to this peak, where the highest potential coincides with the elevated top load terminal. This is a demonstration of what Tesla Called "his system" and described it as longitudinal wave transmission & reception as opposed to radio transmission & reception systems which he called the "Hertz Wave System" which is basically distinct from the "free-space" waves, such as those studied by Hertz in his UHF experiments which is affected only by rays transmitted through the air, conduction being excluded. Whereas in Tesla's system as per the example there is no appreciable radiation and the receiver is energized through the earth while an equivalent electrical displacement occurs in the surrounding atmosphere. Two ¼ wave resonators a transmitter and a receiver can be connected together and become one ½ wave resonator or bipolar Tesla coil that achieve twice the potential difference a single terminal produces and equal and opposite voltage as the propagating fields are 90o apart relative to one another. Comparable to a tandem Van de Graaff generator, which can produce accelerating potentials twice as high as that from a single Van de Graaff because ions gain kinetic energy twice, once as negative ions and then as positive ions in a tandem fashion. If I now split the ½ wave resonator coils with a single wire to become two separate ¼ coils they will still function as before, where one becomes a transmitter and the other a receiver where a primary is connected by inductive coupling to become a step down transformer to power a high current load and instead of a single wire connection we can therefore use the ground as our single wire connected together over a distance. It was an extension of the transmission through a single wire without a return that convinced Tesla that distance was of no consequence and energy could be conveyed from one to any point of the globe, in any desired amount.